As will become evident, the role of cultural learning in the foreign language classroom has been the concern of many teachers and scholars and has sparked considerable controversy, yet its validity as an equal complement to language learning has often been overlooked or even impugned.
The Hegemony of English and Strategies for Linguistic Pluralism: Proposing the Ecology of Language Paradigm
One of the most important tasks that we scholars ought to achieve is to discover a question out of the taken-for-granted knowledge in the existing reality. The question I want to raise in this paper is concerned with the use of English which is very much taken for granted in international communication today. Speaking from the non-English-speaking perspective, I believe the use of English should not be taken for granted, but it should be examined as a problem of linguistic hegemony. It is evident that English is the de facto international language of international communication today, but it is also evident that the dominance of English today causes not only linguistic and communicative inequality but also the feelings of anxiety and insecurity especially on the part of the non-English-speaking people in a rapidly globalizing world in which English dominates extensively. Thus, there is a need to propose a paradigm for counterattacking the Hegemony of English so that linguistic and cultural pluralism will be secured.
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The Importance of Phonetics and Phonology in the Teaching of Pronunciation
The teaching of pronunciation has witnessed remarkable changes throughout the history of language teaching and learning. As one of the most neglected aspects of English language teaching, pronunciation has gained attention only in the past half of the 20th century with the rise of Audiolingualism and the Direct Method. Throughout history, teachers and applied linguists have been concerned with the difficulty of teaching this skill. In this respect, they have attempted to develop different methods and techniques with the reliance on other sub-disciplines such as phonetics, phonology and second language acquisition among others. Taking phonetics and phonology as a framework, teachers have tried to make use of the different components of these core disciplines in order to apply them to their classrooms. In this respect, this article will endeavor to highlight the importance of phonetics and phonology in the teaching of pronunciation. Therefore, it will start by defining and contextualizing the issue of teaching pronunciation. Second, the different components of the study of phonetics and phonology will be highlighted with their relevance to the teaching of pronunciation. Following on, some practical techniques and activities, which involve the use of phonetics and phonology in the teaching of pronunciation, will be presented.